Chinar, a grand tree of Kashmir is known for its relic, greatness, cool shade and illustrious support. The tree develops upto a tallness of 30 meters and circumference of 10 to 15 meters at ground level. It bears thick crown of entwined branches and palmately lobed leaves held on a level plane to make shade additional cool amid summer months. The blossoms are borne on pendulous stalks in matched globular heads.
The word Chinar has its inception from Persian dialect, it is local to Persia, Greece and Italy. Pliny makes reference to its presentation into Itlay around 390 B.C. Old Romans and Greeks had social connections with this tree since long and was a most loved shade tree. In English, it is known as Oriental Plane and its organic name is Platanus orientalis. It has a place with family Platanaceae having about six species to be specific Platanus orientalis, P.occidentalis, P.hispanica, P.acerifolia and so on.
In Kashmiri dialect, it is known as Boiun or Booni and it is trusted that word has started from the term Bhawani which implies goddess. In past days, it was convention to plant it close sanctuaries of goddess Bhawani and got its name Boiun as it is defensive like mother Bhawani. Old Chinar forests are seen at different spots like Tulamula (Kheer Bhawani), Zeethiyar (Zestha Mata), Vichar Nag, (Soura), Shardaji (Keran), Nagbal (Anantnag), Martand Temple (Mattan). At the conjunction of Sindh and Jhelum at Shadipur, otherwise called Prayag, and old Bouin tree is developing since old occasions.
Expansive scale estate of oriental plane was belittled by big-hearted ruler in particular Zain-ul-abdominal muscle noise who was not normal for his dad and manufactured huge number of sanctuaries prior demolished by Sultan Sikander (1393-1416 A.D). After the entry of Mughals, Akbar and Shahjahan likewise indicated distinct fascination in utilizing Chinars as appealing shade bearing scene tree. Mughals got these trees planted in celebrated Mughal Gardens of Kashmir Tours like Naseem bagh, Nishat bagh, Shalimar garden, Harwan and at spots like Bijbehara, Budgam, Kokernag and Anantnag. Biggest tree seen in Darashikoh bagh at Bijbehara has been estimated 19 mts at ground level.
The biggest Chinar has likewise been accounted for from Chittergam, Chadoora which estimates 31.85 mts at ground level and 14.78 m at bosom stature. This mirrors the profound tasteful feeling of Mughal Emperors. Outside explorers who visited Kashmir before Mughal realm likewise notice nearness of Chinar Trees in the valley. Kalhana, the incredible history specialist of the anyway does not make reference to Bouin but rather specifies a huge tree called Vata as a consecrated tree taking after Chinar. Sir Walter Lawrence in his book “Valley of Kashmir” distributed in 1895 notices this as regal tree of Kashmir.
He has put on record a boled Chinar in Lolab valley having a boundary of 63 feet 5 crawls at around 5 ft from ground level. Pulled in by the magnificence of Chinars, Late Dr. M. S. Randhawa (ICS) Chief Administrator Chandigarh/Vice Chancellor Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana took saplings of Chinar from Kashmir and got them planted at Chandigarh and Ludhiana. At current situation with Jammu and Kashmir has announced Chinar as state tree and gave full lawful assurance under law however chinar trees are decreasing quick due to drying in view of progressing formative exercises and expanding vehicular contamination for example drying of Chinars is obvious in the recently made park on the left bank of River Jehlum between Zero Bridge and Abdullah Bridge. Chinars are additionally drying on either-side of Tourist Reception Center path and giving an appalling look to the guests.
Branch of Floriculture has stepped up with regards to its expansive scale augmentation in the nurseries and bringing issues to light among masses by commending chinar day in the long stretch of March. As needs be to an enumeration completed by Chinar Development Authority, 19897 Chinars were available in 2005 from the prior number of 42,000 out of 1970. Chinar tree has uncommon social and religious hugeness among kashmiris the two Hindus and Muslims. It is a prominent image of Kashmir legacy seen in different structures of expressions and artworks, articles of house and shikara design, the weaving of shawls, paper mache, wood cutting and namda gabba making. A few articles of painstaking work enriched with themes of chinar leaves are wellspring of interest for the vacationers and pioneers who visit Jammu and Kashmir.
Pre-winter season presents captivating orange-red sparkle to the falling foliage and incredible magnificence of inimitable excellence for the fascination of guests. Our late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi had an extraordinary love for fall Chinars and used to worship flaring excellence of Chinars. Late Chief Minister Sheik Mohd. Abdullah named his book after shade of pre-winter chinars as “Aatish-e-Chinar”. A few Kashmiri precepts additionally have their root in the class of these superb trees of special social and religious essentialness. Leaves of Chinars when fall dry discover their approach to warming pots called “kangris” for warding off the chill. Its bark is therapeutic and is utilized as tea substitute by local people.
The Chinar wood is substantial, hard, intense and is utilized in wood cutting and furniture stamping. best saffron brand in India is excellence has been supported by relentless Chinars planted by Kashmiri Pandits, Priests, Kings and others throughout the hundreds of years, magnificence applauded and sung by method for sonnets and verses, enlivened in handiworks and shawls by the nature adoring weavers and made increasingly beautiful by each passing fall .Save Chinars, spare excellence for the family and environmental security. The presence of Kashmiri culture without Chinars is inconceivable.
College annihilates Kashmir’s Chinar legacy
‘We have consent’: PRO; ‘Who has allowed’: VCC
Zeenat Zeeshan Fazil
Srinagar: January 14: Vice Chancellor, Kashmir University involved various segments on the front pages of a large portion of the Valley based every day papers professing to create Naseem Bagh as ‘Chinar Heritage Park’, to secure ‘jeopardized Chinar trees’ inside the grounds.
January 21 – Chinar trees in Naseem Bagh were taking after Draupadi whose Wastharran (striping) was done boldly by the Karaus of Kashmir University.
Scores of Chinar trees inside Naseem Bagh Campus have been pruned inside recent days and the procedure goes on, sources said.
The procedures of making the trees all the more revolting by hacking the branches, insiders state, is gone for raising a flask working in the region.
“Making claims is a certain something and remaining by these is extraordinary,” said a previous leader of college understudies association.
“The University specialists are expecting to build a container and the parts of the Chinar trees are being pruned to make space for the equivalent,” he said.
Be that as it may, University PRO, Showkat Shafi says the specialists have looked for authorization from the Divisional Commissioner to prune the trees for ‘their wellbeing.’
“We are cutting dead parts of the tress so as to give them better look and for that we have taken the consent from Divisional Commissioner’s office,” Shafi revealed to Kashmir Images.
In any case, the Valley Citizens Council (VCC) that initiates the ‘Spare Chinar’ crusade won’t purchase Shafi’s announcement.
“Who has given the authorization for pruning,” addressed eminent researcher, comedian and ecological extremist, Zareef Ahmad Zareef.
Zareef said that a round was issued by the Divisional organization, at some point back, requesting arrangement of a panel including individuals from bureau of gardening, income, common society and other concerned offices and simply after an elucidation from this advisory group, Chinar trees could be pruned or cut.
“Regardless of the round, the panel has not been set up,” Zareef stated, including, “When the Committee isn’t there, wherefrom the University specialists have looked for the authorization to prune the Chinar trees?”
Regretting organization’s frame of mind towards Kashmir’s legacy (Chinar), Zareef revealed to Kashmir Images that the man designated as Chinar Development Officer, Meraj-ud-Din has from the beginning been savage to the species.
“We have been challenging him, there are Vigilance bodies of evidence against him yet at the same time he keeps on being there pulverizing the legacy,” Zareef said.
Zareef said that the said officer was even rebuffed for requesting pruning and cutting of Chinar trees at Bijbehara at some point back.
“He (Kala) was in bolt awake for three days,” Zareef stated, pondering, why he keeps on being holding the post.